Even small animal bites and scratches are health risky because animal bites and scratches can become infected and spread bacteria to other parts of the body. Bite from any animal whether its pet or wild, their scratch or bite can carry disease. For example a cat or kitten scratch can carry a bacterial infection “cat scratch disease”. Other animals can transmit rabies and tetanus. Bites or scratches which make a small wound on your skin and make it bleed are even more likely to become infected.
First Aid for Household Pet Deeper Bites Animal Bites
First aid steps for superficial bites from a household pet are:
- Wash the wound with soap and put it under faucet from which water must be coming with pressure, keep your wound under the faucet for at least five minutes. While having wound under the faucet don’t scrub it coz that can bruise the tissue. After that apply an antiseptic lotion or cream.
- Carefully observe the signs of infection in that bite or scratch which you got. Check that if there is increased redness or pain, swelling, drainage, or if the person develops a fever. If there is any then go to your physician or healthcare provider immediately.
First Aid for Deeper Bites or Puncture Wounds or Bite from a Strange Animal
- If the bite is deep and you are having continuous bleeding then apply pressure to it with a clean bandage or towel to stop the bleeding.
- Wash the wound with soap and water under pressure from a faucet for at least five minutes, but do not scrub, as this may bruise the tissue.
- Dry your wound then cover it with a sterile dressing, never use tape or butterfly bandages to close the wound, because this could trap harmful bacteria in the wound.
- Go to your physician for more assistance and guidance if any additional treatment, such as antibiotics, a tetanus booster, or rabies vaccination is needed. It’s important especially for bites on the face, or for bites that cause deeper puncture wounds of the skin.
- If it’s possible locate the animal that cause you wound. Because some animals need to be captured, confined, and observed for rabies. But never try to catch that animal yourself; instead contact the nearest animal warden or animal control office in your area.
- If the animal is not found or the animal was a high-risk species (skunk or bat), or animal attack was unprovoked, the victim may need a series of rabies shots.
- Go to your physician immediately if you get any flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache, malaise, decreased appetite, or swollen glands following an animal bite.